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Higgens Center  
Curriculum: Weapons of Mass Destruction:

Day One - (Morning Session)

Past, Present, and Future Threats
  • Cold war, post-Cold War Periods
  • Emerging Threats
  • Transnational Threat
Proliferation of Dangerous Technology
  • Transnational Proliferation
  • Technology Control regimes: Past & Present
  • Proliferation Potential
  • Radiological, Chemical & Biological Almost Unlimited
  • U.S. Policy
  • No Use of Biological
  • No First use of Chemical Weapons
  • U.S. Destroying Stockpiles
  • Nuclear Arms Control
  • Biological Arms Control
  • Chemical Arms Control
  • Elimination of NBC Weapons
Introduction to Terrorism
  • Nature of the problem
  • Physical threats
  • Asymmetric Warfare
  • When the weak attack the strong
  • Targeting options
  • Weapons of choice
  • Relative lethality
Day One - (Afternoon Session)

Weapons of Mass Destruction Overview

  • Types of Threat
  • Nuclear/Radiological
  • Biological
  • Chemical
  • Delivery Systems
  • Cost Effectiveness
Nuclear/Radiological
  • Types & Employment
  • Nuclear Weapons
  • Missiles
  • Bombs
  • Radiological Weapons -- Dirty Bombs
  • Terrorist Use
  • Covert Enemy Attack
  • Blast
  • Nuclear Radiation
  • Nuclear Detonations
  • Blast
  • Thermal Radiation (Heat)
  • Nuclear Radiation
  • Electromagnetic Pulse
  • Operating within a nuclear environment
Nuclear/Radiological Hazards
  • Particulate Hazards
  • Alpha
  • Beta
  • Types of Rays
  • Gamma
  • X-Ray
  • Radioactive Decay
  • 7/10 Rule
  • Half Life
  • Long Lived Isotopes
  • Radioactive Material
  • Milliseconds to Billions of Years
  • Fallout
  • 1 Day to 3 Months
Biological Warfare
  • What is Bio-war?
  • Bio vs. Chem. -- What is the difference?
  • Historical Perspective
  • Biological Agents
  • Pathogens
  • Anthrax
  • Smallpox
  • Plague
  • Toxins
  • Ricin
  • Botulism toxins
  • Time to Effect
  • Symptoms
  • Pretreatment
  • Treatment
Targets
  • Soldiers
  • Civilians
  • Agriculture
  • Livestock
Day Two - (Morning Session)
Bio-War Delivery Systems
  • Aerosol
  • Exploding Devices
  • Sprayers
  • Vectors
  • Insects
  • Rodents
  • Infected Humans & Animals
Contending with Biological Agents
  • Immunizations
  • Physical Health
  • Hygiene
  • Sanitation
  • Contamination Avoidance
  • Protective Equipment
  • Immediate Decontamination
Chemical Warfare
  • What is Chem-war?
  • Historical Perspective
  • A Case Study From the Tokyo Subway Incident
Chemical Warfare Agents
  • Nerve
  • Blister
  • Blood
  • Choking
  • Potential Agents for Civilian Use
  • Military Criteria for a Good Incapacitant
Chemical Warfare Agents
  • Physical Form
  • Liquid
  • Gas
  • Powder
  • Types
  • Levinstein Mustard (H)
  • Distilled Mustard (HD)
  • Nitrogen Mustard (HN-3)
  • Lweisite (L)
  • Phosgene Oxime (CX)
  • Hydrogen Cyanide (AC)
  • Cyanogen Chloride (CK)
  • Arsine (SA)
  • Phosgene (CG)
  • Diphosgene (DP)
Possible Delivery Methods
  • Missiles
  • Mortars
  • Bombs
  • Rockets
  • Grenades
  • Land Mines
  • Cluster Munitions
  • Spray Tanks
  • 1996 WTC attack
  • In-situ Asset Attack
  • Industrial Plant Attacks
Day Two - (Afternoon Session)
Dark Winter Scenario -- Lessons Learned
  • Warnings and Indicators
  • Issues for First Responders
  • Areas for Investigation
  • Civil Defense Issues
  • Civil/Military Issues

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